Around 5–100 million variants of species live in Planet Earth! Source: Discovery

It’s extraordinary how many species of organisms currently live in planet on Earth. It’s estimated that it’s upwards of 10 million species, split up evenly throughout the world’s different biomes. The amount of biodiversity is astonishing, but it makes it difficult for organization and classification.

Finding genetic similarities between varieties of organisms can be extremely difficult as the researcher has to parse through trillions of cells for each individual species. …


Credit: New Scientist

Note: I’ll be referencing big O notation in this article quite a bit; it’s essentially the formalized notation for discussing the time complexity of a code. If you’re unsure on what big O notation is, I highly suggest checking out the link here.

67 billion miles. That’s the length of all the uncoiled pieces of DNA inside of the human body. It’s crazy how something so simple, just four nitrogenous bases, can create such a complex and sophisticated organism.

With these 67 billion miles, there are approximately 3 billion of these DNA base pairs in the human genome, making up…


Spoiler Alert: That’s me!

It is often told that an individual’s personality can be inferred by their facial characteristics. For example, a person with bushy eyebrows and more lines on the top of their head would be more irritated and angry most of the time, a person with bags under their eyes would be likely to be more hardworking and stressed out, and so on.

There are so many ways to classify personality based on individual facial features that the list can go on and on, and we’ll probably spend the entire article just going over the different personalities for the different shapes of…


Image comparing a 1940s transistor with a 2020s transistor.

It’s 1940. The United States just got into World War II, and they have to fight off German forces to prevent Hitler from inciting mass destruction. They’ve intercepted German secret messages, but they have no clue what to do with it. It’s filled with high-level German encryption methods, so there’s no way that a human can decrypt it.

Any HUMAN can. Enter all-electronic computers that could perform calculations faster than the blink of a human eye! These computers were lightning fast. For its time…


Note: This article does assume previous knowledge about mathematical concepts like bases. Be sure to check this article to get an initial understanding about bases.

Credit: Pinterest

There’s so much in mathematics. Honestly, it’s kind of mind-boggling. Many of us haven’t even started to explore the numerous applications from mathematical physics to biomathematics. To be honest, I thought that everything in mathematics had already been explored. I mean, just look at the picture above.

However, once I started to do some research into different fields of mathematics, I realized the multitude of possibilities that are still out there to explore. In this…


Credit: Medium

Buzz. Buzz. Buzz.

We’ve all had that feeling. Just one more second. Just one more second of checking my messages. Just one more second of looking at Instagram. Just one more second of watching a TikTok.

Before you know it, that one second turns into hours of mindless scrolling, unable to look up until someone tells you to stop. That time that you allotted to finish that project is gone. Gone for something that you’re simply going to forget the next day.


Credit: Antuko

It finally came! As I looked at my Instagram and Twitter feeds, all I saw were messages talking about 2020 being the worst year of people’s lives. It seemed like everyone just wanted to forget 2020 and move on to the next year. For me, 2020 sounded like an opportunity to expand my work ethic and growth mindsets. It sounded like a chance to rekindle friendships and build stronger relationships with my friends and family. It was a chance to rethink everything that I thought I knew and start fresh!

Many individuals talk about the decreasing social interaction and how…


Credit: Liquid Planner

Sleep. Study. Eat.

I must have followed the process above hundreds of times, trapped in this endless cycle of forcing myself to repeat the same actions over and over. Honestly, it felt like I could do nothing with my day except these three things because there simply wasn’t the time in the day.

Until I learned about time management. During quarantine, I wanted to break out of this loop and be more productive, exploring other extracurricular activities and hobbies that I was interested in. …


Credit: Mercury News

When individuals are asked to describe 2020 in one word, COVID-19 often springs up in people’s minds. The COVID-19 quarantine has changed every aspect of our lives, from school to extracurricular activities. It has been over eight and a half months since the quarantine has started, so it makes sense that many individuals are restless, wanting to return back to their daily lives.

Media outlets and news sources are constantly discussing the possibility of exiting this quarantine through the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine; however, although this vaccine has been approved, there are still many questions left to be answered. Who will…


Credit: iq.opengenus.org

Machine learning is a unique field that is rapidly evolving as the years progress; once optimal algorithms are often replaced within ten to twenty years to make way for more efficient methods. The Histogram of Oriented Gradients detection method (HOG for short) is one of these antique algorithms, being almost a decade old; however, one thing that differentiates it from others is that it is still heavily used today with fantastic results.

The Histogram of Oriented Gradients method is mainly utilized for face and image detection to classify images, like the one that you see above. This field has a…

Karthik Mittal

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